Caplin, A., Ghandehari, M., Lim, C., Glimcher, P.W., & Thurston, G. (2019). Advancing environmental exposure assessment science to benefit society. Nature Communications,10, 1236. [pdf]


Zimmermann, J., Glimcher, P.W., & Louie, K. (2018). Multiple timescales of normalized value coding underlie adaptive choice behavior. Nature Communications,9, 3206. [pdf]

Lopez-Guzman, S., Konova, A.B., & Glimcher, P.W. (2018). Computational psychiatry of impulsivity and risk: how risk and time preferences interact in health and disease. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 374. [pdf]

Konova, A.B., & Glimcher, P.W. (2018). A neuroeconomist's perspective on thinking about the future. In Oettingen, G., Sevincer, T., & Gollwitzer, P.M (Eds.). The Psychology of Thinking about the Future. New York: The Guilford Press.

Lopez-Guzman, S., Konova A.B., Louie, K., Glimcher P.W. (2018). Risk preferences impose a hidden distortion on measures of choice impulsivity. PLoS ONE 13(1): e0191357. [pdf]

Konova, A. B., Louie, K., & Glimcher, P. W. (2018). The computational form of craving is a selective multiplication of economic value. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,1-13. [pdf]

Yamada, H., Louie, K., Tymula, A., & Glimcher, P. W. (2018). Free choice shapes normalized value signals in medial orbitofrontal cortex. Nature communications9(1), 162. [pdf]

Wu, S., & Glimcher, P. W. (2018). The Neurobiological Model of Decision Making. In S. Chen, M. Kaboudan, & Y. Du (Authors), The Oxford handbook of computational economics and finance (pp. 688-713). New York: Oxford University Press.


Khaw, M. W., Glimcher, P. W., & Louie, K. (2017). Normalized value coding explains dynamic adaptation in the human valuation process. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201715293. [pdf]

Chung, H. K., Tymula, A., & Glimcher, P. (2017). The Reduction of Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex Gray Matter Volume Correlates with Loss of Economic Rationality in Aging. Journal of Neuroscience37(49), 12068-12077. [pdf]

Lempert, K. M., Lackovic, S. F., Tobe, R. H., Glimcher, P. W., & Phelps, E. A. (2017). Propranolol reduces reference-dependence in intertemporal choice. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience,12(9),1394-1401. [pdf]

Glimcher, P. W., & Tymula, A. (2017). Let the sunshine in? The effects of luminance on economic preferences, choice consistency and dominance violations. PloS one,12(8), e0181112. [pdf]


Grubb, M.A., Tymula, A., Gilaie-Dotan, S., Glimcher, P.W., Levy, I. (2016). Neuroanatomy Accounts for Age-Related Changes in Risk Preferences. Nature Communications 7, 3822. [pdf]

FeldmanHall, O., Glimcher, P., Baker, A.L., Phelps, E. A. (2016) Emotion and Decision-Making Under Uncertainty: Arousal predicts increased gambling during ambiguity but not risk. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Volume 145 (10), 1255-1262. [pdf]

Sepúlveda, M., Fenández-Diez, B., Martínez-Lapiscina, E.H., Llufriu, S., Sola-Valls, N., Zubizarreta, I., Blanco, Y., Saiz, A., Levy, D., Glimcher, P., Villoslada, P. (2016) Impairment of decision-making in multiple-sclerosis: A neuroeconomic approach. Multiple Sclerosis Journal 1-10. [pdf]

Camerer, C., Cohen, J., Fehr, E., Glimcher, P., Laibson, D. (2016) Neuroeconomics. In Kagel, J. H., & Roth, A. E. (Eds.). (2016). The Handbook of Experimental Economics, Volume 2 (pp.153-216). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Tymula, A., Woelbert, E., & Glimcher, P. (2016) Flexible valuations for consumer goods as measured by the Becker-DeGroot-Marschak mechanism. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics Vol. 9, No. 2, 65–77 [pdf]

Glimcher P. (2016) "Proximate Mechanisms of Individual Decision-Making Behavior" From “Complexity and Evolution: Toward a New Synthesis for Economics,” David S. Wilson and Alan Kirman, eds. 2016. Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 19, series ed. J. Lupp. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-03538-5. [pdf]

Zimmermann J, Vazquez Y, Glimcher PW, Pesaran B, Louie K. (2016) Oculomatic: High speed, reliable and accurate open-source eye tracking for humans and non-human primates. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. [pdf]

Lazzaro SC, Rutledge RB, Burghart DR, Glimcher PW (2016) The Impact of Menstrual Cycle Phase on Economic Choice and Rationality. PLoS ONE. [pdf]

Levy, D., Glimcher, P.W. (2016) Common Value Representation-A Neuroeconomics Perspective. In Brosch, T., Sander, D. (Ed.) Handbook of Value: Perspective from Economics, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology (pp.85-118). Oxford: Oxford University Press. [pdf]

Otto, A.R., Fleming, S.M., Glimcher, P.W. (2016) Unexpected but Incidental Positive Outcomes Predict Real-World Gambling. Psychological Science. [pdf]


Reppert, T.R., Lempert, K.M., Glimcher, P.W., Shadmehr, R. (2015) Modulation of Saccade Vigor during Value-Based Decision Making. The Journal of Neuroscience. [pdf]

Azmak, O., Bayer, H., Caplin, A., Chun, M., Glimcher, P., Koonin, S. and Patrinos, A., 2015. Using big data to understand the human condition: the Kavli HUMAN project. Big data3(3), pp.173-188. [pdf]

Louie K., Glimcher P.W., Webb R. (2015) Adaptive neural coding: from biological to behavioral decision-making. Curr Opin Behav Sci. [pdf]

Khaw, M.W., Grab, D.A., Livermore, M.A., Vossler, C.A., Glimcher, P.W. (2015) The Measurement of Subjective Value and Its Relation to Contigent Valuation and Environmental Public Goods. PLoS ONE. [pdf]

Patrinos, A., Bayer, H., Glimcher, P.W., Koonin, S., Chun, M., King, G. (2015) City data can inform decision theory. Nature. 519:291. [pdf]

Tymula, A. and Glimcher, P.W. (2015) Are Adolescents Really Risk-Takers? Most Adults Say Yes, but the Science is Starting to Say No. Front Young Minds.3:3. [pdf]

Glimcher, P., 2014, January. Understanding the hows and whys of Decision-Making: from expected utility to divisive normalization. In Cold Spring Harbor symposia on quantitative biology (Vol. 79, pp. 169-176). Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. [pdf]


Louie K., LoFaro T., Webb R., Glimcher P.W. (2014) Dynamic divisive normalization predicts time-varying value coding in decision-related circuits. J Neurosci. [pdf]

Grattan, L.E., Glimcher, P.W. (2014) Absence of Spatial Tuning in the Orbitofrontal Cortex. PLoS ONE [pdf]

LoFaro, T., Louie, K., Webb, R., Glimcher, P.W. (2014) The Temporal Dynamics of Cortical Normalization Models of Decision-making. Letters in Biomathematics [pdf]

Gilaie-Dotan, S., Tymula, A., Cooper, N., Kable, J., Glimcher, P., Levy, I. (2014). Neuroanatomy predicts individual risk attitudes. The Journal of Neuroscience. [pdf]

Hart, A.S., Rutledge, R.B., Glimcher, P.W., Phillips, P.E.M. ( 2014). Phasic dopamine release in the rat nucleus accumbens symmetrically encodes a reward prediction error term. The Journal of  Neuroscience. [pdf]


Tymula, A., Rosenberg Belmaker, L.A., Ruderman, L., Glimcher, P.W., Levy, I. (2013). Like cognitive function, decision making across the life span shows profound age-related changes. PNAS. [pdf]

Levy, I., Glimcher, P.W. (2013). Neuroeconomics. In H. Pashler (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the mind (vol. 14, pp.565-569). Thousand Oaks, Ca: SAGE Publications.

Yamada,H., Tymula, A., Louie, K., Glimcher,P.W. (2013).Thirst-dependent risk preferences in monkeys identify a primitive form of wealth. PNAS[pdf]

Newsome, W.T., Glimcher, P.W., Gottlieb, J., Lee, D., Platt, M.L. (2013). Comment on "In Monkeys Making Value-Based Decisions, LIP Neurons Encode Cue Salience and Not Action Value". Science, 340, 430. [pdf]

Burghart, D.R., Glimcher, P. W., and Lazzaro, S.C. (2013). An Expected Utility Maximizer Walks Into A Bar... Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 46(3). [pdf] [appendix]

Louie, K., Khaw, M.W., & Glimcher, P.W. (2013). Normalization is a general neural mechanism for context-dependent decision making. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 110: 6129-6144. [pdf]

Levy, D., Thavikulwat, A., Glimcher, P.W. (2013). State Dependendent Valuation: The Effect of Deprivation on Risk Preferences. PLoS ONE. [pdf]


Levy, D.J., Glimcher, P.W. (2012). The Root of All Value: a neural common currency for choice. Current Opinion in Neurobiology [pdf]

Levy, I., Rosenberg Belmaker, L., Manson, K., Tymula, A., Glimcher, P.W. (2012) Measuring the Subjective Value of Risky and Ambiguous Options using Experimental Economics and Functional MRI Methods. Journal of Visualized Experiments. , Exp. (67), e3724,DOI: 10.3791/3724 [pdf]

Tymula, A., Rosenberg Belmaker, L.A, Roy, A.K, Ruderman L.,Manson, K., Glimcher, P.W, and Levy, I. (2012) Adolescents' Risk Taking Behavior is Driven by Tolerance to Ambiguity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109 (42): 17135-17140 [pdf]

Louie, K. & Glimcher, P.W. (2012). Efficient coding and the neural representation of value. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., (1251): 13-32. [pdf]

Louie, K. & Glimcher, P.W. (2012). Set-size effects and the neural representation of value. In Raymond J. Dolan & Tali Sharot (Eds.), Neuroscience of preference and choice: Cognitive and neural mechanisms (143-169). London: Academic Press.


Seed, A., Clayton, N., Carruthers, P., Dickinson, A., Glimcher, P.W., Gunturkun, O., Hampton, R. R., Kacelnik, A., Shanahan, M, Stevens, J.R., & Tebbich, S. (2011). Planning, memory, and decision making. In Randolf Menzel & Julia Fischer (Eds.), Animal thinking: Contemporary issues in comparative cognition(121-147). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Glimcher P.W. (2011). Understanding dopamine and reinforcement learning: The dopamine reward prediction error hypothesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci, 108 Suppl 3: 15647-15654 [pdf]

Louie K., Grattan L.E., & Glimcher, P.W. (2011). Reward value-based gain control: Divisive normalization in parietal cortex. J Neurosci, 31(29): 10627-10639 [pdf]

Levy, D.J. & Glimcher, P.W. (2011). Comparing apples and oranges: Using reward-specific and reward-general subjective value representation in the brain. J Neurosci, 31(41): 14693-14707 [pdf]

Levy, I., Lazzaro, S., Rutledge, R.B., & Glimcher, P.W. (2011). Choice from non-choice: Predicting consumer preferences from blood oxygenation level-dependent signals obtained during passive viewing. Journal of Neuroscience, 31(1): 118-125 [pdf]


Rutledge, R.B., Dean, M., Caplin, A., & Glimcher, P.W. (2010). Testing the reward prediction error hypothesis with an axiomatic model. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(40): 13525-13536 [pdf]

Caplin, A., Dean, M., Glimcher, P.W., & Rutledge, R.B. (2010). Measuring beliefs and rewards: A neuroeconomic approach. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 125(3): 923-960 [pdf]

Kable, J.W. and Glimcher, P.W. (2010), An "as soon as possible" effect in human intertemporal decision making: Behavioral evidence and neural mechanisms. Journal of Neurophysiology, 103: 2513-2531. [pdf]

Louie, K., and Glimcher, P.W. (2010). Separating value from choice: Delay discounting activity in the lateral intraparietal area. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(16): 5498-5507. [pdf]

Yamada, H., Louie, K., and Glimcher, P.W. (2010). Controlled water intake: a method of objectively evaluating thirst and hydration state in monkeys by the measurement of blood osmolality. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 191(1) 83-89. [pdf]

Levy, I., Snell, J., Nelson, A.J., Rustichini, A., and Glimcher, P.W. (2010). Neural representation of subjective value under risk and ambiguity. Journal of Neurophysiology. 103(2):1036-47. [pdf]


Rutledge, R.B., Lazzaro, S.C., Lau, B., Myers, C.E., Gluck, M.A., and Glimcher, P.W. (2009). Dopaminergic drugs modulate learning rates and perseveration in Parkinson's patients in a dynamic foraging task. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29(48): 15104-15114. [pdf]

Kable, J.W. and Glimcher, P.W. (2009). The Neurobiology of Decision: Consensus and Controversy. Neuron. 63(6): 733-745. [pdf]

Trommershaeuser, J.T., Glimcher, P.W., and Gegenfurtner, K.R. (2009). Visual processing, learning and feedback in the primate eye movement system. Trends in Neurosciences. 32(11): 583-590. [pdf]

Glimcher, P.W. (2009). Neuroeconomics and the Study of Valuation. In: Gazzaniga , M.S. (ed.) The Cognitive Neurosciences, Fourth Edition. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, pp. 1085-1092. [pdf]

Glimcher, P.W. (2009). Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economic Behavior: The Emerging Field of Neuroeconomics. In: Tommasi, L., Peterson, M.A., and Nadel, L. (eds.) Cognitive Biology: Evolutionary and Developemental Perspectives on Mind, Brain, and Behavior. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, pp. 261-278. [pdf]

Glimcher, P.W. (2009). Choice: Towards a Standard Back-pocket Model. In: Glimcher, P.W., Camerer, C.F., Fehr, E., and Poldrack, R.A. (eds.) Neuroeconomics: Decision Making and the Brain. New York: Academic Press, pp.503-521. [pdf]

Glimcher, P.W. (2009). Introduction: A Brief History of Neuroeconomics. In: Glimcher, P.W., Camerer, C.F., Fehr, E., and Poldrack, R.A. (eds.) Neuroeconomics: Decision Making and the Brain. New York: Academic Press, pp.1-12. [pdf]


Glimcher, P.W. (2008). Understanding risk: A guide for the perplexed. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience. 8(4): 348-354. [pdf]

Lau, B. and Glimcher, P.W. (2008). Value Representations in the Primate Striatum during Matching Behavior. Neuron. 58: 451-463. [pdf]

Glimcher, P.W. (2008). The Neurobiology of Individual Decision Making, Dualism, and Legal Accountability. In: Engel, C., and Singer,W. (eds.) Better Than Conscious? Implications for Performance and Institutional Analysis. Strüngmann Forum Report 1. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [pdf]


Lau, B. and Glimcher, P.W. (2007). Action and Outcome Encoding in the Primate Caudate Nucleus. The Journal of Neuroscience. 27(52): 14502 - 14514. [pdf]

Kable, J.W., and Glimcher, P.W. (2007). The neural correlates of subjective value during intertemporal choice. Nat Neuroscience. 10(12): 1625 - 1633. [pdf]

Bayer, H., Lau, B., and Glimcher, P.W. (2007). Statistics of Midbrain Dopamine Neuron Spike Trains in the Awake Primate. The Journal of Neurophysiology. 98(3): 1428-1439. [pdf]

Levy, I., Schluppeck, D., Heeger, D.J., and Glimcher P.W. (2007) Specificity of human cortical areas for reaches and saccades. The Journal of Neuroscience. 27(17): 4687-4696. [pdf]

Glimcher, P.W., Kable, J.W., and Louie, K. (2007) Neuroeconomic Studies of Impulsivity: Now or Just as Soon as Possible? American Economic Review. 97(2): 142-147. [pdf]


Schluppeck, D., Curtis, C.E., Glimcher, P.W., and Heeger, D.J. (2006) Sustained Activity in Topographic Areas of Human Posterior Parietal Cortex during Memory-Guided Saccades. The Journal of Neuroscience. 26(19): 5098-5108. [pdf]

Kaysar, D.A. et al. (2006) Are heuristics a problem or a solution? In: Engel, C and Gigerenzer, G. (eds.) Heuristics and the Law. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [pdf]

Glimcher, P.W. and Kanwisher, N. (2006) Cognitive neuroscience Editorial overview. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 16: 127-129. [pdf]

Garland, B., and Glimcher, P.W. (2006) Cognitive neuroscience and law. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 16: 130-134. [pdf]


Schluppeck, D., Glimcher, P.W., and Heeger, D.J. (2005) Topographic Organization for Delayed Saccades in Human Posterior Parietal Cortex. J Neurophysiology. 94: 1372-1384. [pdf]

Glimcher, P.W., Dorris M.C., and Bayer H.M. (2005) Physiological utility theory and the neuroeconomics of choice. Games and Economic Behavior. 52: 213-56. [pdf]

Glimcher, P.W (2005) The Heart of Medicine. PLoS Biology. 3: 12. [pdf]

Lau, B. and Glimcher, P.W. (2005) Dynamic response-by-response models of matching behavior in rhesus monkeys. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 84(3): 555-79, 2005. [pdf]

Glimcher, P.W. and Lau B. (2005). Rethinking the thalamus. Nat Neurosci. 8(8): 983-4. [pdf]

Bayer, H.M. and Glimcher, P.W. (2005) Midbrain Dopamine Neurons Encode a Quantitative Reward Prediction Error Signal. Neuron. 47: 129-141. [pdf]

Glimcher, P. W. (2005) Indeterminacy in Brain and Behavior. Annual Review of Psychology. 56: 25-56. [pdf]


Glimcher, P.W. and Rustichini, A. (2004) Neuroeconomics: The Concilience of Brain and Decision. Science. 306: 447-452. [pdf]

Platt, M.L., Lau, B., and Glimcher, P.W. (2004) Situating the Superior Colliculus within the Gaze Control Network. In: Hall, W.C., and Moschovakis, A. (eds.) The Superior Colliculus: New Approaches for Studying Sensorimotor Integration. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press [pdf]

Dorris, M.C. and Glimcher, P.W. (2004) Activity in Posterior Parietal Cortex is Correlated with the Subjective Desireability of an Action. Neuron. 44: 365-378. [pdf]

Bayer, H. M., Handel, A. and Glimcher, P.W. (2004) Eye position and memory saccade related responses in substantia nigra pars reticulata. Experimental Brain Research. 154: 428-441. [pdf]


Glimcher, P.W. (2003) The Neurobiology of Visual Saccadic Decision Making. Annual Review of Neuroscience. 26: 133-179. [pdf]


Glimcher, P.W. (2002) Decisions, Decisions, Decisions: Choosing a Neurobiological Theory of Choice. Neuron. 36: 323-332. [pdf]


Glimcher, P.W. (2001) Making Choices: The Neurophysiology of Visual-Saccadic Decision Making. Trends in Neuroscience. 24: 654-659 [pdf]

Glimcher, P.W., Ciaramitaro, V.M., Platt, M.L., Bayer, H.M., Brown, M.A. and Handel, A. (2001) Application of neurosonography to experimental physiology. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 108: 131-44. [pdf]

Ciaramitaro, V.M. and Glimcher, P.W. (2001) Stimulus probability redirects spatial attention: an enhancement of sensitivity in humans and monkeys. Vision Research. 41: 57-75. [pdf]


Ciaramitaro, V.M. and Glimcher, P.W. (2000). Attending to contrast. Neuron. 26(3): 548-550. [pdf]

Platt, M.L. and Glimcher, P. W. (2000) Short-term changes in movement frequency do not alter the spatial tuning of saccade-related neurons in intraparietal cortex. Experimental Brain Research. 132: 279-286. [pdf]

Handel, A. and Glimcher, P.W. (2000). Contextual modulation of substantia nigra pars reticulata neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 83(5): 3042-3048. [pdf]


Handel, A. and Glimcher, P.W. (1999) A quantitative analysis of substantia nigra pars reticulata activity during a visually-guided saccade task. J. Neurophysiol. 82: 3458-75. [pdf]

Platt, M.L. and Glimcher, P.W. (1999) Neural correlates of decision variables in parietal cortex. Nature. 400: 233-238. [pdf]


Handel, A. and Glimcher, P. W. (1997) Response properties of saccade-related burst neurons in the central mesencephalic reticular formation. J. Neurophysiol. 78: 2164-2175. [pdf]

Platt, M. L. and Glimcher, P. W. (1997) Responses of intra-parietal neurons to saccadic targets and visual distractors. J. Neurophysiol. 78: 1574-1589. [pdf]


Glimcher, P. W. and Sparks, D. L. (1993) Effects of low-frequency stimulation of the superior colliculus on spontaneous and visually guided saccades. J Neurophysiol. 69: 953-964. [pdf]

Glimcher, P. W. and Sparks, D. L. (1993) Representation of averaging saccades in the superior colliculus of the monkey. Exp. Brain Res. 95: 429-435. [pdf]


Glimcher, P. W. and Sparks, D. L. (1992) Movement selection in advance of action in the superior colliculus. Nature. 355: 542-545. [pdf]